Why you should take care of your eyes during monsoon – The Times of India

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The rainy season brings relief from the summer heat and rejuvenates the environment. While rains bring joy and excitement, they also bring a set of challenges, particularly when it comes to eye health. The increased humidity, water-borne infections, and overall dampness can have adverse effects on your eyes. There are many disorders that occur during the season, but some of the most important are conjunctivitis, eye stye, dry eyes, and corneal ulcer etc.However, with proper care and precautions, you can keep your eyes healthy and bright. Let us understand the ailments before we get to the precautionary steps you should take during monsoon.
Conjunctivitis: Often referred to casually as “pink eye”, conjunctivitis is the swelling or inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin, transparent layer of tissue that lines the inner surface of the eyelid and covers the white part of the eye.
Stye:A stye (or sty) is a painful red bump on the edge of your eyelid. It can look similar to an acne pimple and may be tender to the touch. A stye forms when a tiny oil-producing gland in your eyelash follicle or eyelid skin becomes blocked and a bacterial infection develops.
Dry Eyes: Dry eyes can occur when you’re unable to produce enough liquid tears, also called aqueous fluid. The medical term for this condition is kerato-conjunctivitis. Poor blinking habits while reading or looking at a computer screen for long periods of time and a dry, indoor environment can cause this problem.
Corneal Ulcer: A corneal ulcer is an open sore on your cornea. Infection is the leading cause. Symptoms include a red, watery and bloodshot eye; severe eye pain and pus or other eye discharge. A corneal ulcer can lead to vision loss and blindness. It’s considered a medical emergency.

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Avoid rubbing eyes
During monsoon season, your eyes are more vulnerable to infections. Avoid rubbing your eyes with dirty hands, as this can introduce harmful bacteria or viruses. And whether it’s for washing your face or cleaning your eyes, always use clean, filtered water. Contaminated water can also contain harmful microorganisms that can cause conjunctivitis, corneal infections, or other eye diseases.
Dampness and stagnant water can create ocular complications
Dampness and stagnant water during monsoon season create a breeding ground for mosquitoes and other insects. Mosquito bites can lead to eye-related diseases such as dengue fever, chikungunya, or malaria, which can have severe ocular complications. Ensure there is no stagnant water and use mosquito repellents to minimize risk.
Restrict sharing personal hygiene items
Eye infections are communicable. So, sharing personal hygiene items such as handkerchiefs, towels and napkins can be a reason for transmission of infectious bacteria and virus from the carrier to others. It is rational to ensure that care is taken when using these items as complicated eye diseases may arise.
Maintain Good Hygiene For Contact Lenses
If you wear contact lenses, it is crucial to maintain strict hygiene during the rainy season. Follow proper cleaning and disinfection techniques recommended by your eye care professional. Avoid wearing lenses while swimming or in excessively humid conditions, as it increases the risk of eye infections.
Consume Nutritious Diet
A well-balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals is essential for maintaining good eye health. Include foods like carrots, spinach, citrus fruits, almonds, and fish in your diet, as they contain essential nutrients that promote healthy eyes. Stay hydrated by drinking an adequate amount of water to keep your eyes moisturized.
Regular eye check-ups are essential
Regular eye check-ups are essential, especially during monsoon season. An eye care professional can detect any underlying eye problems and provide appropriate treatment. If you experience any discomfort, redness, itching, or vision changes, consult an eye specialist immediately.
By following these simple yet effective tips, you can keep your eyes healthy and bright during the rainy season. Remember, prevention is better than cure, so prioritize your eye health and take the necessary precautions to enjoy the monsoon season without any eye-related troubles.
(Dr. Palak Macwana, Consultant, Sankara Eye Hospital)

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