Every year, on May 14th, several countries worldwide observe National Dengue Day to raise awareness about this mosquito-borne viral infection and emphasize the importance of prevention and control measures. Dengue fever remains a significant public health concern globally, with millions of cases reported annually, leading to substantial mortality. However, with concerted efforts and community participation, we can take significant steps and mitigate the impact of this disease. Under the 2024 theme, ‘Dengue Prevention: Our responsibility for a safer tomorrow’, the globe has united again to help people safeguard themselves against this deadly disease that cost several lives each year. 

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Dengue fever is transmitted by the Aedes mosquitoes, (primarily Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus) which thrive in unhygienic stagnant waters of urban and semi-urban environments. These mosquitoes breed in water, making areas with poor sanitation extremely vulnerable. Though the virus circulates mainly in tropical and subtropical climates, globalization and climate change have expanded its reach, putting more people at risk.

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By and large, dengue prevention lies in eliminating mosquito breeding sites. Thus, education and awareness play pivotal roles in dengue prevention. By taking proactive measures and raising awareness we can reduce the burden of dengue and safeguard the health and well-being of communities worldwide. This National Dengue Day, let us reaffirm our commitment to keeping our surroundings clean and free of stagnant water. Here are simple measures that can play a pivotal role in keeping our planet Earth free from this deadly disease:

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How To Prevent Dengue

Keeping Surroundings Clean

Covering water containers, emptying, and cleaning flowerpots, and properly disposing of tires and containers can reduce mosquito breeding grounds.

Educating People

Governments, healthcare organizations, and communities must work together to educate people about the symptoms of dengue fever and the importance of seeking timely medical attention.

Medical Intervention

A vital tool in the fight against dengue, local authorities should collaborate with communities to implement vector control measures effectively besides working towards early intervention to prevent an increase in numbers. Early detection and appropriate medical care can significantly reduce the risk of severe dengue complications.

Community Engagement

Mobilizing community health workers and volunteers to conduct door-to-door campaigns, distribute educational materials, and organize clean-up drives can create a sense of collective responsibility in combating dengue.

Environmental Management

Integrated management strategies combining chemical control and community participation can effectively control mosquito populations. These strategies emphasize sustainable approaches that minimize the use of chemical insecticides while maximizing the impact of interventions.

Innovative Technologies

Modern technologies can be an add-on to dengue prevention. Mosquito control efforts can benefit from using larvicides, insect growth regulators, and biological control agents. Furthermore, modern mosquito surveillance systems can enhance early warning and prevent infection.

International Support

Beyond local efforts, international cooperation is essential in addressing the global challenge of this mosquito-borne illness. Sharing best practices, exchanging knowledge, and supporting research initiatives can accelerate progress toward dengue prevention on a global scale.


Dengue Fever

Timothy J. Schaefer; Prasan K. Panda; Robert W. Wolford.




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